Skip to content
Home » Cast Metal Partial Denture: What It Is, Indications, Process

Cast Metal Partial Denture: What It Is, Indications, Process

What Is a Cast Metal Partial Denture?

A cast metal partial denture is a set of artificial teeth fixed on a removable base that resembles gum tissue. It is made up of metal and acrylic resin.

A cast metal partial denture replaces missing teeth and is fitted with the remaining teeth using metal clasps. The treatment has been popular among dental patients for decades.

The cast metal framework makes the denture stable in the mouth because it is connected to strong and real teeth.

Each cast partial denture is manufactured to custom-fit your natural teeth and gum. Compared to an acrylic denture, it is meant to last longer.

Pros of Cast Metal Partial Dentures

Here are some benefits of getting a cast partial denture. They:

  • Offer good distribution of biting stress
  • Denture bases’ movement delivers massaging effect to the underlying bone and soft tissue
  • Do not affect gum tissue much
  • Prevent the remaining teeth from moving
  • Offer less direct retention vs. standard acrylic denture
  • Regulate the bite, resulting in a relaxed smile

Cons of Cast Metal Partial Dentures

Before asking for a cast partial denture, keep in mind that they:

  • Do not provide the most natural aesthetic
  • Have a long fabrication process
  • May shrink during the casting process. Cobalt chromium, for example, has an average casting shrinkage of 2.3%.
  • Require highly efficient lab technicians. One laboratory may produce better results than another under similar conditions.
  • Are pricey

Indications of Cast Metal Partial Dentures

You may be eligible for cast metal partial dentures if you have the following:

  • Multiple tooth loss
  • Absence of teeth behind the blank space
  • Good gum health of the remaining teeth
  • Jaw bone trauma

The Process of Getting Metal Cast Partial Dentures

Each cast partial denture is unique to the patient, hence a long production period. A patient must see the dentist quite a few times before getting their final cast partial dentures.

It’s fair to assume that every dentist will have some deviations from our timeline below, but if you are a patient interested in getting a metal cast partial denture, here’s what you might encounter:

First Session

The dentist will assess if you are a good candidate for cast partial dentures.

They will take impressions of both your upper and lower dental arches if you are. Study models are created from these impressions.

The unique design of each cast partial denture is made on these models.

Second Session

Next, the dentist will carry out a mouth preparation. To ensure that the final cast partial dentures are stable, they will change the shape of some of your teeth.

After mouth preparation, they will take your final dental impressions to create master models.

Then, a dental technician will manufacture the metal framework of your cast partial denture at a dental laboratory.

Third Session

The cast partial dentures’ metal framework will be inspected on your third appointment. How it fits and remains in the patient’s mouth will determine if adjustments must be made.

Bite registration (or bite impression/occlusion) will be taken to set the teeth up correctly.

The dentist will then choose a color for the artificial teeth based on your natural teeth.

The manufactured teeth will be placed on trial dentures following your bite.

Fourth Session

Now, trial dentures will be tested in the patient’s mouth.

This try-in will reveal if you have problems with any of its features: how it fits, retains, stabilizes, or the way it makes you sound or look.

The laboratory will modify relevant aspects based on the trial’s results and create the final version of your cast partial denture.

Fifth Session

Finally, the dentist can install the final cast partial dentures in your mouth.

Any issues with this version’s features will be inspected and fixed accordingly. Your bite should also receive the same attention.

Be sure to follow the care instructions for your cast partial dentures.

Sixth Session

A dentist requires a denture review from you a week after denture insertion.

The dentist fixes any discomfort your cast partial denture causes in your mouth. You may need several dental visits before getting the perfect fit.

Alternatives to Cast Partial Dentures

If removable partial dentures with a metal framework aren’t appealing, you may look at other dentures.

Consider acrylic dentures or flexible partial dentures as solutions for loss of teeth.

Acrylic dentures

Acrylic dentures are a more transitory type of dentures. They are not seriously durable but are great for use while waiting for a permanent dental restoration.

Flexible partial dentures

Flexible partial dentures are a good option for those with healthier gums than teeth because they put less pressure on the teeth. These dentures are also known as Valplasts.

Frequently Asked Questions

Are Metal Partials Better Than Plastic or Acrylic Dentures?

This depends on individual dental conditions. We advise going for a cast metal partial denture if you want something that will last. An acrylic denture may be more suitable if you’re working towards a dental implant or bridge. Consult your dentist for the best treatment option for you.

How Long Do Cast Metal Partials Last?

Cast partial dentures are incredibly durable. We’ve seen patients use them for up to a decade. Take proper care of your dentures so they last as long as possible! Read our article Denture Care: 8 Easy Tips to learn more about denture care.

Can I Sleep or Eat With Metal Partial Dentures?

You can, but we recommend sleeping with your denture off to give your mouth a break. They can also get dislodged while you are sleeping, so be careful.

How Much Do Metal Partial Dentures Cost?

It depends on where you get them, but the cost of cast metal partial dentures averages between $1,800-$2,000.

You can check with your dental insurance if they cover metal partial dentures.

Cast Metal Partial Denture: Conclusion

A cast metal partial denture is an excellent supplement for lost teeth and offers many benefits.

Feel free to go back to this guide if you need guidance about dental solutions.

Practice good oral health hygiene and take care of your remaining natural teeth!


Kumar, N. et al. Stress distribution and patient satisfaction in flexible and cast metal removable partial dentures: Finite element analysis and randomized pilot study. Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research. 2021 Oct-Dec; 11(4): 478–485.

Aki, M. et al. Removable Partial Denture Frameworks in the Age of Digital Dentistry: A Review of the Literature. Prosthesis. 2022, 4(2), 184-201.

Firtell, D. Laboratory accuracy in casting removable partial denture frameworks. Journal of Prosthetic Dentistry. Vol. 54, Iss. 6, P856-862, Dec. 01, 1985.

Also from SupreDent:

Acrylic vs. Metal Partial Dentures: A Brief Comparison

Denture Reline vs. Rebase: Which Is the Best Option for You?

Immediate Dentures or Temporary Dentures

Affordable Dentures: Where to Find Them?